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The Bhagavad Gita

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Chapter 2
SankhyaYoga (Yoga of Knowledge)

Synopsis: 
1-10: Arjuna and Sri Krishna discussing Arjuna's faint-heartedness.
11-30: SankhyaYoga explained.
31-38: The Kshatriya's duty to engage himself in fight.
39-53: Karmayoga, the Yoga of selfless action.
54-72: Marks the man of stable mind and his glories described.

Click here for shlokas in groups 2.1-2.10  2.11-2.20 2.21-2.30 2.31-2.40  2.41-2.50 2.51-2.60 2.61-2.72

2.41 rNv܊N Nw0uw |
P ww u܇w ||41||

2.41 In this yoga (Karmayoga, the science of disinterested action), O Arjuna, spiritual intelligence is firmly resolved and directed only towards one ideal; whereas the intellect of those ignorant people who are moved by desires always wanders in numerous directions.

2.42  yq X yu0qyq: |
uuq: ys wwuٰr vw: ||42||

2.43 Nqw: Sy cwNy®yuw |
O䇮Ǯ  µS懮Sr yr ||43||

2.42-2.43 O Partha (the son of PriTha, Arjuna), People with limited knowledge, presume speculative interpretations of the Vedic writings, took upon the heaven as the supreme goal. They argue that there is nothing beyond heaven and they are unwise. They glorify only the statements in Vedic scriptures which sound pleasing., recommending many ostentatious rituals  to attain pleasure, wealth, power and good birth.

2.44 µS懮y䚮Nw qyqXq |
rN v: u¹ w vðq ||44||

2.44 They are deluded by sense of enjoyment, worldly pleasures and power and they can not attain the intellect concentrated on God.

2.45 qȶSoǮ u xȶSn ®cw |
xu0u xq㚮q暵ڰ xS Bqw ||45||

2.45 O Arjuna, the Vedic writings deal  with subjects in the three different "Gunas" (modes of material nature); Become self-realized, transcendent  to these three modes with pure spiritual consciousness, free from duality (like pleasure and pain, victory and loss) and free from conceptions of acquisition and preservation (of what has already been attained).

2.46 ws Euyw q: 0yquN |
qw Ǯ uǮ 䜮o bwq: ||46||

2.46 All that is served in a water well is better served by a vast lake; similarly all the purposes in all the Vedic Scriptures are realized by someone who knows the ultimate truth.

2.47 NnvN  y®Ǯ NuXw |
 Ny®q® q 0SNp ||47||

2.47 You certainly have the right for the activities, but never at anytime in their results. You should never be motivated by the results of the actions, nor should there be any attachement in not doing any activities.

2.48 S: N Np 0S qN u®w0c |
u܇u܇:  ®q q S EXq ||48||

2.48 Dhananjaya (The conqueror of wealth; that is Arjuna), perform your duties established in Karmayoga, giving up attachment and become neutral to success and failure; This neutrality is called "Yoga", the science of uniting the individual consciousness with the ultimate consciousness.

2.49 uo A N v܇Sq u®w0c |
uܰ o AxX Nyo: y®q: ||49||

2.49 O Dhananjaya, Discard the actions (karma) which are abominable and find refuge in (Budhdhiyoga) the science of uniting the individual consciousness with the ultimate consciousness. The poor and wretched are  those who look for their actions to bear fruit.

2.50 v܇Nٰ cr Eµ NquǮȳq |
quS c㚮 S: N N ||50||

2.50 One endowed with equanimity and intelligence will get rid of both positive and negative reactions in this life. Therefore strive for the practice of this yoga of equanimity.

2.51 Nc v܇N y® qN xo: |
cw0u®xN: yu SX0qw ||51||

2.51 Wise men, endowed with spiritual intelligence (possessing an equipoised mind), give up the results of their actions and they certainly free themselves from the bondage of birth and death, hence attaining the state of supreme tranquility.

2.52 u q N0 vrqǮ0r |
qu Sq0r xǮu q㚮 q X ||52||

2.52 When your spiritual intellect overcomes this myriad of confusion and delusion of various statements, your mind will be undistracted and becomes indifferent towards everything you have heard  and everything you have to hear.

2.53 ryryq q u r xό |
u¯X vܚu Svyr ||53||

2.53 When your spiritual intellect, unaffected and uninfluenced by confusing interpretations of Vedic scriptures remains steady; at that time you will attain the Yoga (pure spiritual state of unification with the Ultimate consciousness (or God) )

2.54 Acw EX
qycݚ N ¯ǯ vÚښ N |
qvð: O y¯ǵq Oq bq O ||54||

2.54 Arjuna Said:
O Keshava (the destroyer of Keshi, the evil), what are the signs of one having perfect  knowledge of God ? or one who has absorbed the pure spiritual consciousness ? How does one of stable mind speak ? How does he sit ? How does he walk ?

2.55 ®SwX
ycr u Nw w ys wSqw |
Bqwqw qǮ: qycݚuXq ||55||

2.55 Sri Bhagavan Krishna said:
O Arjuna, when one gives up all cravings of mind (desire of sense gratification that come up within one's mind), and is satisfied by the self-realization in the pure state of one's soul; then he is said to have stable mindset, the one who has perfect knowledge. 

2.56 u:PǮwvSw: PǮ Sq: |
qS®Nu® qvðxXq ||56||

2.56 The one whose mind remains undisturbed by sorrow, without the cravings for happiness, free of attachment and bonding, passion, fear and anger, is called a stable mind with steadfast consciousness.

2.57 : qwÚⰜ qq qq yy ¯® |
ww0ur w u氙 q yb yrq ||57||

2.57 One who is unattached in every respect, neither rejoices or recoils obtaining good or evil; he has stable mind with perfect knowledge.  

2.58 u 0q X N0Sx : |
C0v䇮p0v䇮s®㚬 q yb yrq ||58|| 

2.58 When one withdraws his senses from all sense-objects, like tortoise withdraws its limbs; he has stable mind with perfect knowledge.  

2.59 Ǯ xq0q x uw: |
c y㚮 y uǯ xqq ||59||

2.59 When one does not enjoy the sense-objects with one's senses, the sense-objects turn away, but the taste for these sense-objects remains. However, even this desire for sense enjoyment ceases when one has stable mind.

2.60 qq z N0q yǮ yq: |
C0v䇮p ytx 0r y䚮® w: ||60||

2.60 O the son of Kunti (Kountheya=Arjuna), the senses are turbulent by nature, will forcibly carry away minds of even the wise man who has sound judgment.

2.61 qx p 0 N Bq qފ: |
0v䇮p  q yb yrq ||61||

2.61 Keeping all the senses under control, the self-controlled one should meditate, devoting the self to me (God).  The one who has his senses under control is said to have a stable mind and perfect knowledge.

2.62  u¯㇮q Ǯw y0: 0SǮybq |
0Sq 0bq N: Nq Nuµbq ||62||

2.62 When one concentrates on sense objects, he develops an attachment towards them. Desire is born out of attachment and anger results out of desire.

2.63 Nu¯q ®r Ⱌ: Ⱌq ȳr®: |
ȳr®0uvw vwq yor ||63||

2.63 Delusion/Infatuation occurs because of Anger, confusion of memory occurs due to delusion, delusion resulting in loss of reasoning; after flawed reasoning, one just perishes.

2.64 SuǮNȶ  Ǯx0v䇵ϊw |
Bqȶuµq y䚯uvSXr ||64||

2.64 But the self-controlled man (known as a "Sadhaka") who follows the Vedic writings freed from attachment and aversions, self-governing his senses, even while enjoying the various sense objects; he will attain the ultimate stability of mind and personality.

2.65 y䚯u u:Pw xybq |
y䚮wXq v: yrǮq ||65||

2.65 When one attains that level (of the ultimate stability of mind and personality), it will be the end of all miseries for such tranquil mind; very soon such a happy minded person, will be completely established and concentrated in God.

2.66 w v܊Nٚ w XNٚ ¯w
w X¯q: 0r0q Nq: Q ||66||

2.66 One with uncontrolled mind can not attain spiritual intelligence, and one with lack of spiritual intelligence can  not meditate and think of God. He who can not meditate can have no peace of mind and hence no happiness.

2.67 C0v䇮n Xq wwwvðq |
qu r yb0 w0® ||67||

2.67 If the wandering mind gets engrossed with any of the senses, it definitely makes his intelligence go astray.. like a boat moved away by the wind.

2.68 qu㚮  xSqx : |
C0v䇮p0v䇮s®㚮ٚ yb yrq ||68||

2.68 O Mighty Armed Arjuna, Therefore, one who has his senses completely under control is said to have a stable mind and established a perfect knowledge.

2.69 x ®qw q  bSr 0ﱰ |
bSr ®qx x yq w: ||69|| 

2.69 That which is night to all the beings, in that night, the self-controlled (and one who has realized the perfect knowledge) is awake, when all the beings are awake (and are enjoying the desires of senses), it is the night for the self-controlled sage.

2.70 AyoXyrǮպ uy: y0r uq |
quq y0r 0ryr w NNﱰ ||70||

2.70 He attains peace, who can get the all the enjoyments to merge themselves; like the undisturbed ocean though it is full of water on all sides and has many rivers joining it. The one with desires of enjoyment will not attain peace.

2.71  Nw: 0y0ϊr x:ȴ: |
x x0N: 0rvSXr ||71||

2.71 He will attain peace who has given up all desires, and is free from attachment, ego, sense of ownership.

2.72 Iǯ r: ys ww yy r |
q暯0qNz 䜮xoXr ||72||

2.72 O Partha (Arjuna), once having realized the perfect knowledge and the ultimate truth, one is never deluded even at the moment of death. Once in such a state, "Brahma Nirvana" (liberation from material existence and attaining the ultimate consciousness) is assured.

L qqvr u®Sv̰qyxǮq 䜮u㇮ 
S Nǯcwu 0QㇵS w vru¯㇮: ||2||

Thus, in the Upanishath sung by the Bhagavan, the Science of Brahma, the Yogic writings, the dialogue between Krishna and Arjuna, ends the Second chapter titled "SankhyaYoga".

To be Contd....

Click here to go back to Gita Main Page.

References: 
1. The Bhagavad-Gita or the Song Divine: Gita Press, Gorakhpur, India.
2. Selected shlokas of Bhagavad-Gita set to Music by Vanaraj Bhatia and Produced by Music Today.
3. www.bhagavad-gita.org/


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