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Shri Manjunatheshwara Temple 
Kadri, Mangalore

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Kadri temple being one of the ancient historical temple dating back about 1068 A.D. is very interesting place. The scenic beauty of the Kadri hills, the presence of the pre-historic caves cut into the laterite mounds and the historical and religious importance of the Manjunatha temple lend particular enchantment to this centre. On the Kadri Hill is situated the biggest centre of the Natha Pantha (cult) in South India. The caves of Kadri hill have to be archeologically examined.

Lore Manjunatha, Kadri, Mangalore

The Manjunatha temple, Kadri belongs to the Vijayanagara style of structure. From its present form, it may be inferred that during the 15th or 16th century A.D., it must have been given a solid structure.

Derivation of the name Kadri:
There is considerable surmise on the name Kadri. It is derived from Kadari, meaning plantain and that Kadri was known to have been overgrown with plantain trees. But this could only be a too commonplace meaning. According to the Buddhist enumerator Kadarika means a hillside pastures land.

The earliest reference to this place is in the epigraph dated A.D.968 engraved on the pedestal of the famous Lokeshwara image. In it is mentioned that King Kundavarma of the Alupa Dynasty installed the image in Kadarika Vihara. From this we can know that Kadarika is the earliest form of this place name. Vihara is the name given in Buddhlet settlement while Buddhism flourished here during 10th century A.D.

Kadri Shastha, mangalore

History:
Earlier to 10th century A.D. Kadri was an important centre of Buddhism. Documents supporting the fact are available in and around Kadri. During 10th century A.D. Buddhism began to loose its grip and new belief viz. Natha Pantha (cult) rooted in Kadri. Natha Pantha is a modified religious practice, which is, came from Vajrayana religious practice of Mahayana branch of Buddhism. In course of time it shined with Shiva beliefs. Local people as Jogis called them. And their monastery is called as Jogimutt.

Buddhist monks who came from northern India made Kadri as their place of Vihara and settled here. In those days it was called as Kadarika Vihara. Subsequently, followers of Natha pantha were also came and settled here. The epigraph of 968 A.D. mentions Mangalore as "Mangalapura" and Kadri as "Kadarika Vihara". In stone epigraph belongs to 12-13th century A.D. available in temple's kitchen which is in Kannada and Malayalam script it is clearly mentioned that the then King with local landlords and other important people of the area contributed a land for construction of the temple. Since earlier portions of epigraph are damaged, the name of the King is unknown. As per the documents available the Alupa Queen Balli Mahadevi (1277-1288) called herself as a devotee of Lord Manjunatha.

The temple was built in 12th century according to Hindu Agama Shastra (architecture rule). In 14-15th century A.D. it was reconstructed with granite stone. The idol of Lord Manjunatha is made of Pancha Loha (mixed metal of five elements). The Jogis of Jogimutt are still residing on the Kadri Hill. As Lord Manjunatha is a form of Lord Shiva, they ardently worship him. The surroundings of the Jogimutt depict its ancient importance. There are caves around the Jogimutt, which are called as Pandava caves. But one can assume Jogis often used these caves for meditation and penance. There are small temples of Boothanatha, Matsyendranath, Gorakanatha and many other Natha protagonists surrounded by existing Jogimutt. Reserving its peacefulness and mystery the Jogimutt still arise feeling of holiness within a visitor. Further research and study on all aspect from archeological department may spotlight the hidden facts about the temple and surrounding monuments.

Inner circle of Kadri Temple, Mangalore

Mythology:
Kadri has its own story from Puranas (Hindu Mythology) regarding its sanctity and abode of Lord Manjunatha. This story is in Sanskrit and available in "Bharadwaja Samhita". In ancient days Kadarika was a part of Siddhashrama were many sages, saints were often practicing meditation and penance. There was no fear of sin or wrong deed. Once a discussion regarding Lord Manjunatha's sanctity and greatness were held between two great sages viz. sage Brigu and sage Kapila. Sage Bharadwaja heard this discussion and told the same to one of his follower viz. Sumanthu. Hence this called as Bharadwaja Samhita.
The story is as follows:

Lord Parashurama who is an incarnation of Lord Vishnu destroyed egoistic Kshatriya kings and donated the confiscated land to sage Kashyapa. Thinking of that taking a shelter in donated land is not virtue, Parashurama made rigorous penance and meditation of Lord Shiva on Sahyadri Mountain region seeking a new land for his shelter. Lord appeared before him and told that he will incarnate as Manjunatha for a good of mankind and suggested to meditate upon him at Kadalivana (today's Kadri). Parashurama gazed at Kadalivana, which was ten-yojana distance from Sahyadri Mountain and also was occupied by ocean.

He asked Ocean King to leave that Kadalivana for him. But Ocean King did not granted his wish. Becoming angry upon this act of Ocean King, Parashurama took his axe (weapon) and roared upon Ocean King. Frightened King left behind by giving land and Parashurama got his shelter. As per the order of Lord Shiva Parashurama visited the new land and found there a Kadalivana (plantain field) and one Rasakoopa (well). In that Rasakoopa Lord Shiva appeared before Parashurama and ordered to construct a temple there with a help of Vishwakarma (a divine sculptor). Accordingly Vishwakarma constructed a temple and town. In course of time various scholars, sages, saints, philosophers came here and took shelter.

Later Goddess Parvathi, wife of Lord Shiva decided to settle here. As per the Order of Lord Shiva, Saptakoti Mantras (seven crore holy enchants) settled here as Sapta Teerthas (seven ponds).

Navanathas:
After incarnating as Manjunatha, Lord Shiva decided to incarnate as Navanathas in order to fulfill the wishes of his devotees. He himself incarnated as first Adinath of Natha cult. From his Yogic power he obtained Matsyendranath as his first son. Lord Shiva also playfully incarnated as Kandalanath, Chowranginatha, Gorakshanatha, Ravalanatha, Ananganatha, Jalandharanatha, Bhujaganatha and Arunachalanatha. Later Lord Shiva erected new Pantha (cult) called Natha Pantha (cult).

This is a concise form of Mythological story in Baradhwaja Samhita. But while comparing history with mythology we find that Natha Pantha came into existence after Buddhism.

Bird's Eye View, Kadri Temple, Mangalore

Temple Circumstances:
Generally ponds and lagoons exist below the level of temple. But in Kadri we find that seven ponds exist around 20 feet above ground level of the temple. Above in front of the temple, attached to hillside there exists one Lord Ganapathi Shrine. From Cow's mouth (cavern) like form just below the feet of Lord Ganapathi an incessant crystal like water stream flows to the small pond below. This is called Gomukha Bhageerati Teertha (holy water). Till date no one could solve the mystery of finding out the source of this flow. Devotees have strong belief that this holy water is none other than a stream of Holy Ganga River flows from Kashi Kshetra (Varanasi) of North India. The main sanctum of Kadri is different from those shrines of districts. The square shaped sanctum surrounded by three feet wide inner circle pathway and two rooms in front side. North side of Teerthamantapa, there exists a ten feet height pole at the top of which erected an idol in meditating gesture. This pole is considered as relic of Buddhism period. Describing all about the temple briefly will not serve the purpose. Visiting here once will help in understanding Kadris sanctity.

How to reach temple:
Situated just 4 km distance from the heart of the Mangalore City, a convenient public transport facility is available to reach temple. There are frequent bus facility and auto rickshaws at reasonable fare available. For new visitors these auto rickshaws (three wheeler motor vehicles) are convenient mean of transport.

Postal Correspondence Address of the temple:
Kadri Shri Manjunatha Temple,
Kadri,
Mangalore - 575 002.
Phone: 91-824-214176 (office)

Seva List

At the abode of Lord Shri Manjunatha:
1. Rudrabhishekha: 20-00
2. Karpoorarati: 5-00
3. Ashtottara Archane: 20-00
4. Shivapooja: 35-00
5. Kartika Pooja: 25-00
6. Panchamrita: 25-00
7. Bilwa Archane: 5-00
8. Shatha Rudrabishekha: 1,500-00
9. Haalu Payasa: 20-00
10. Ekadasha Rudra: 75-00
11. Hoovina Pooja: 50-00
12. Ranga Pooja: 700-00
13. Sahasra Namarchane: 20-00
14. Maha Pooja: 400-00
15. Kalasha Snana: 5-00
16. Naga Pooja: 30-00
17. Vasantha Pooja: 75-00
18. Dhanu Pooja: 35-00
19. Teertha Bottle: 6-00
20. Annappa Panjurli/ Malaraya Parva: 60-00
21. Ashwatha Pooja: 20-00
22. Aparakriya Offer: 15-00
23. Tulabhara (without item): 125-00
24. Hannu Kayee: 10-00

Seva at the abode of Shri Ganapati:
1. Karpoorarati: 5-00
2. Pancha Kajjaaya: 5-00
3. Hoovina Pooja: 50-00
4. Appada Pooja: 30-00
5. Ganahoma (One Coconut): 30-00
6. Ganahoma (3 Coconuts): 100-00
7. Satyanarayana Pooja: 40-00
8. Shani Pooja (Katha): 50-00

Seva at the abode of Shri Durga Parameshwari Amma:
1. Karpoorarati: 5-00
2. Karitika Pooja: 25-00
3. Hoovina Pooja: 50-00
4. Alankara Pooja: 30-00
5. Kumkumarchane: 25-00
6. Ranga Pooja: 250-00

Seva at the abode of Shri Shastavu Devaru:
1. Karpoorarati: 5-00
2. Alankara Pooja: 30-00
3. Hoovina Pooja: 50-00
4. Irumudi Offer: 10-00

P.S.
1. Ranga Pooja to Shri Manjunatha will be held on Annual Jatra(festival) and Pattanaje Period (between a months of February and May).
2. Vasantha Pooja will be held after performing Mahapooja at night during Vasantha Masa (between a months of April and May).
3. Dhanu Pooja will be held in the morning during Dhanu Masa (from December 15th to January 15th).
4. Annappa Panjurli and Malaraya Parva will be held after noon 12-15 every Sankramana.
5. Ashwatta Pooja will be held every Saturday morning 9-30.
6. Gana Homa every Chowthi morning 9-00.
7. Satyanarayana Pooja will be held every day morning 10-30. If informed earlier, Pooja can be performed on every Sankramana and Full moon day (Hunnime) and Sunday evening at 6-30.
8. Shani Pooja will be performed on every Saturday morning 8-30.
9. Tula Bhara seva will be held on Avabhrita Day of Annual festival (22-1-2003). (Arrangement of Anna Santharpane (afternoon meal) will be there to devotees whoever conducts every Saturday, Sankramana, Shani Pooja on full moon day, Satyanarayana Pooja in tempe premises).

Important Sevas on Special occasions:
14-04-2002: Sunday: Sowra Ugadi
17-05-2002: Friday: Brihma kalasha day (Shatharudrabhisheka)
24-05-2002: Friday: Pattanaaje (enter of bali)
13-08-2002: Tuesday: Nagara Panchami
21-08-2002: Wednesday: Sowra Rugupakarma
30-08-2002: Friday: Shri Krishna Janmashtami
31-08-2002: Saturday: Mosaru Kudike
10-09-2002: Tuesday: Shri Ganesha Chaturthi
07-10-2002: Monday: Beginning of Navaratri
10-10-2002: Thursday: Lalita Panchami
11-10-2002: Friday: Chandika Homa
13-10-2002: Sunday: Durgashtami
14-10-2002: Monday: Mahanavami (Ayudha Pooja)
15-10-2002: Tuesday: Vijayadhashami
04-11-2002: Monday: Starting of Bali of Lord
11-11-2002: Monday: Kartika Somavara, Shatharudrabhisheka
18-11-2002: -do- : -do-
25-11-2002: -do- : -do-
02-12-2002: -do- : -do-
03-12-2002: Tuesday: Laksha Deepotsava (festival of light)
14-01-2003: Kadri Tirta: Beginning of Annual festival (Jatra)
20-01-2003: Monday: Seventh Deepotsava
21-01-2003: Tuesday: Rathotsava
22-01-2003: Wednesday: Avabritha (Tulabhara)
01-03-2003: Saturday: Mahashivaratri

Devotees of remote areas can contribute to pooja activity by MO with details of Pooja to be performed. Prasada will be sent by Post. Donators can contribute for temple renovation work by DD/ cheque to the
S.B.A/c No.20899,
Syndicate Bank,
Kadri Road, Mangalore

OR
S.B.A/c No.15184,
Karnataka Bank Ltd.,
Kodialbail, Mangalore.

Temple Authority with wishes of devotees decided to build one Silver Car (Belli/Rajatha Ratha) and offer to Lord Shri Manjunatha. For this purpose one committee viz. Rajatha Ratha Samithi has been incepted. The estimated cost of this Ratha is around Rs.50 lakhs.

Devotees and donators are requested to contribute to this great assignment by DD/ cheque in the name of "Rajatha Ratha Nirmana Samithi" OR S.B.A/c No.24930, Corporation Bank, Near Besant Womens College, M.G.Road, Kodialbail, Mangalore-575003

Compiled by: Vishweshwara Rao M, Mangalore.

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